Prevalence of Chronic Periodontitis: A Retrospective Cross-sectional Study
Introduction: The characteristic appearance of chronic periodontitis with the absence of bacterial plaque or with minimal amounts of it, but with the presence of gingival health, expressed in the specific pink color of the gingiva, is associated with active stages of the disease and its inactive stages. The aim of this study is to compare cross-sectional and retrograde data on the prevalence of chronic periodontitis in the two respective groups of patients, evaluated according to specific periodontal diagnostic tools. Materials and Methods: The study was applied in two groups of patients: the first group of patients presented at the dental clinic in the period October 2019 - January 2020 and the second group; in the period October-November in the annual interval 2010-2018. In these patients, periodontal status was assessed based on probing values, bacterial plaque index, bleeding index, and amount of gingival fluid in specific dentures. The number of natural teeth and the number of teeth replaced with fixed prosthetics were recorded. Results: For both cross-sectional and retrograde data, chronic periodontitis is a disease that affects young people, with a higher prevalence in females. This data is expressed with high ratios of tooth loss for periodontal reasons. The highest dental care for replacement with fixed prosthetics, again belongs to the female sex, but with a high bacterial plaque index. The high index of gingival hemorrhage with reduced bacterial plaque index, are data with high percentages both for the group of patients cross-sectional data and for the group of patients with retrograde data. Conclusions: The high prevalence of chronic periodontitis at a young age indicates a poor prognosis of this disease at older ages. Gingival recession associated with loss of attachment for patients with chronic periodontitis have higher values at age intervals 31-50 years, intervals where systemic pathologies are in the stages of development and stabilization in the human body.
Full Text: PDF
Carranza – Clinical periodontology; Mosby (2009); Kapitulli “Klasifikimi i sëmundjeve periodontale”.
Steven l. Bricker, Robert P. Langlais, Craig S. Miller (2009), “Diagnoza orale”; Shtёpia Botuese “UFO” Press.
Kapoor, Anoop, Ranjan Malhotra, Vishakha Grover, and Deepak Grover. “Systemic Antibiotic Therapy in Periodontics.” Dental Research Journal 9, no. 5 (2012): 505. doi:10.4103/1735-3327.104866.
Carranza – Clinical periodontology; Mosby (2009); Kapitulli “Epidemiologjia e sëmundjeve periodontale”.
Wei, X., Zhao, H.-Q., Ma, C., Zhang, A.-B., Feng, H., Zhang, D., & Liu, C. (2019). The association between chronic periodontitis and oral Helicobacter pylori: A meta-analysis. PLOS ONE, 14(12), e0225247. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0225247.
Velidandla, S., Bodduru, R., Birra, V., Jain, Y., Valluri, R., & Ealla, K. K. R. (2019). Distribution of Periodontal Pockets among Smokers and Nonsmokers in Patients with Chronic Periodontitis: A Cross-sectional Study. Cureus. doi:10.7759/cureus.5586.
Gomes‐Filho, I. S., Cruz, S. S. da, Trindade, S. C., Passos‐Soares, J. de S., Carvalho‐Filho, P. C., Figueiredo, A. C. M. G., … Scannapieco, F. (2019). Periodontitis and respiratory diseases: A systematic review with meta‐analysis. Oral Diseases, 26(2), 439–446. doi:10.1111/odi.13228.
Jia, L., Jia, J., Xie, M., Zhang, X., Li, T., Shi, L., … Zhang, X. (2019). Clinical attachment level gain of lasers in scaling and root planing of chronic periodontitis: a network meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials. Lasers in Medical Science, 35(2), 473–485. doi:10.1007/s10103-019-02875-5.
Hou, R., Huo, X., Zhang, S., Xu, C., Huang, Y., & Xu, X. (2020). Elevated levels of lead exposure and impact on the anti-inflammatory ability of oral sialic acids among preschool children in e-waste areas. Science of the Total Environment, 699, 134380. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134380.
Fine, D. H., Armitage, G. C., Genco, R. J., Griffen, A. L., & Diehl, S. R. (2019). Unique etiologic, demographic, and pathologic characteristics of localized aggressive periodontitis support classification as a distinct subcategory of periodontitis. The Journal of the American Dental Association, 150(11), 922–931. doi:10.1016/j.adaj.2019.07.024.
Coelho, J. M. F., Miranda, S. S., da Cruz, S. S., Trindade, S. C., Passos-Soares, J. de S., Cerqueira, E. de M. M., … Gomes-Filho, I. S. (2019). Is there association between stress and periodontitis? Clinical Oral Investigations, 24(7), 2285–2294. doi:10.1007/s00784-019-03083-9.
Nagao, Y., & Tanigawa, T. (2019). Red complex periodontal pathogens are risk factors for liver cirrhosis. Biomedical Reports. doi:10.3892/br.2019.1245.
Serrano, C., & Suarez, E. (2019). Prevalence of Severe Periodontitis in a Colombian Adult Population. Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology, 21(2), 53-62.
Iordanishvili, A. K., Pikhur, O. L., Malina, M. S., & Tityuk, S. Y. (2019). Prevalence, clinical and morphological features of tooth root caries in the adult human. Stomatologiya, 98(4), 38. doi:10.17116/stomat20199804138.
Czesnikiewicz-Guzik, M., Osmenda, G., Siedlinski, M., Nosalski, R., Pelka, P., Nowakowski, D., … Guzik, T. J. (2019). Causal association between periodontitis and hypertension: evidence from Mendelian randomization and a randomized controlled trial of non-surgical periodontal therapy. European Heart Journal, 40(42), 3459–3470. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehz646.
Wallace, K., Shafique, S., & Piamjariyakul, U. (2019). The Relationship between Oral Health and Hemodialysis Treatment among Adults with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Systematic Review. Nephrology Nursing Journal, 46(4), 375-394.
Lee, Y. H., Lew, P. H., Cheah, C. W., Rahman, M. T., Baharuddin, N. A., & Vaithilingam, R. D. (2019). Potential mechanisms linking periodontitis to rheumatoid arthritis. Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology, 21(3), 99-110.
Hagenfeld, D., Zimmermann, H., Korb, K., El-Sayed, N., Fricke, J., Greiser, K. H., … Becher, H. (2019). Periodontal Health and Use of Oral Health Services: A Comparison of Germans and Two Migrant Groups. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(16), 3000. doi:10.3390/ijerph16163000.
Akula, M., Prathypaty, S., Darapla, A., Dhulipala, M., & Vedula, C. (2019). Prevalence of different forms of periodontitis in patients visiting Government Dental College and Hospital, Hyderabad, since last decade: A retrospective study. Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology, 23(4), 367. doi:10.4103/jisp.jisp_698_18.
Santos‐Paul, M. A., Neves, R. S., Gowdak, L. H. W., de Paula, F. J., David‐Neto, E., Bortolotto, L. A., … De Lima, J. J. G. (2019). Cardiovascular risk reduction with periodontal treatment in patients on the waiting list for renal transplantation. Clinical Transplantation, 33(8). doi:10.1111/ctr.13658.
Müller Campanile, V., Megally, A., Campanile, G., Gayet‐Ageron, A., Giannopoulou, C., & Mombelli, A. (2019). Risk factors for recurrence of periodontal disease in patients in maintenance care in a private practice. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 46(9), 918–926. doi:10.1111/jcpe.13165.
Khalifehzadeh, S., Haghanifar, S., Jenabian, N., Kazemi, S., & Hajiahmadi, M. (2019). Clinical and radiographic evaluation of applying 1% metformin biofilm with plasma rich in growth factor (PRGF) for treatment of two-wall intrabony periodontal defects: A randomized clinical trial. Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects, 13(1), 51–56. doi:10.15171/joddd.2019.008.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2021 Ilma - Robo, Saimir - Heta